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Carbohydrates are the essential part of a diabetic diet
August 29, 2021 / Nutrition / Beginner

Carbohydrates are the essential part of a diabetic diet

10 min read

It used to be hard for a man to get information but nowadays, thanks to the Internet, there is plenty of it. When a person faces a new and unfamiliar subject, too much information only makes the situation more difficult. Especially if they are contradictory. In that case he can try to make an effort but the result would be missing. The same situation happens with people who fall in a trap called diabetes. You can find all sorts of data on the Internet, each neighbour can offer you a different advice, a doctor can dedicate 20 minutes of his time to you, instead of a week of education. It is not surprising that most diabetics cannot deal with their sugar.

 You can seldom find eight unnecessary rules and two semi-information in a text about nutrition. And so people read, for instance, ten advices about the diabetic diet which say that you should avoid salt, eat oily fish instead of white fish, eat brown bread instead of white bread, remove the chicken skin, drink low fat milk, decaffeinated coffee, eat five times a day, put cinnamon in an apple strudel, eat mashed potatoes instead of french fries and buy a pan on which you can fry or bake something with a drop of oil. All of this is quite irrelevant because the essence of a diabetic diet lies elsewhere.

 

If a person has diabetes, the crucial element is the sugar. Sometimes the most obvious and simplest explanation is correct. Simply, if you have a strawberry allergy, avoid strawberries, if you have diabetes, avoid sugar. We just need to clarify what sugar is and what it means to avoid it.

 All the food we eat consists of three macronutrients:

  1. Fat (lipids)
  2. Protein
  3. Carbohydrates

 Another name for carbohydrates is complex sugar. One of the definitions for diabetes is carbohydrate metabolism disorder. So, carbohydrates are critical for blood sugar regulation. Carbohydrates cannot be eliminated from the diet but their absorption can be reduced, they can also be counted so people can be aware if they overdid it.

Most people know that meat, fish and eggs are filled with protein. All oil and grease are obviously fat. These groceries do not have any carbohydrate at all. Their composition is made out of protein and/or fat.

Most people are not aware that anything that is left consists of carbohydrates. Candy, bread, cakes, sugar, pasta, rice, potato, juices, cereal, beans, milk and fruit are, by composition, mostly made out of carbohydrates. Some of this food has less and some more carbohydrates but they all belong to the category of carbohydrates.

Of all mentioned carbohydrates, far less carbohydrates are in vegetables, and the most carbohydrates are in candy. Carbohydrates are the main source of energy. Intuitively, we know it is hard to work if you eat only a handful of beet and that it is not good for us to sit in front of the TV and to eat a box of wafers. In that case you will have too little energy for work and too much energy for watching TV.

Nuts, hard cheese, fungus and cream belong to all three categories simultaneously. They have the same amount of carbohydrates, fat and protein.

So, special recipes or exotic menus are not necessary. Soup, meat, fish, eggs, boiled vegetables, fresh vegetables, cheese, mileram, butter, olive oil and lard have far less carbohydrates and require less insulin. Candy, bread, cakes, pasta, rice, potatoes, juices, cereal, beans, milk and fruit have more carbohydrates and demand more insulin.

Not only do we separate groceries on the ones which have more or less carbohydrates but we know exactly the amount of carbohydrates that every grocery has, which we can compare, add up or subtract. It is not a question of what to eat but how much to eat.

 

Andrijana Buklijas Skeledzija Read more posts by this author
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